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24th World Congress on Cancer and Diagnostics, will be organized around the theme “Building Bridges to Overcome Cancer-Free World”
World Cancer 2024 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in World Cancer 2024
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A therapeutic procedure refers to methods and techniques aimed at addressing, treating, or preventing diseases, disorders, or conditions with the goal of enhancing the health of individuals who have been diagnosed with specific health issues.
It is triggered as a consequence of cell death or microbial/viral infection to stimulate regeneration of injured tissues and to combat pathogens. Suboptimal inflammation can result in tissue destruction, while excessive inflammation ultimately leads to a number of pathologies including fibrosis, metaplasia and cancer.
Cancer Stem Cells (CSCs) are a small subpopulation of cells within tumors with capabilities of self-renewal, differentiation, and tumorigenicity when transplanted into an animal host. A number of cell surface markers such as CD44, CD24, and CD133 are often used to identify and enrich CSCs.
Psycho-oncology deals with psychological reactions to the experience of cancer, the behavioral component of coping with cancer as well as health behavior change including preventive medicine, and social factors that are associated with diagnosis and treatment of cancer, including communication with providers and loved ones.
Childhood cancer is cancer in a child. About 80% of childhood cancer cases can be successfully treated thanks to modern medical treatments and optimal patient care. However, only about 10% of children diagnosed with cancer reside in high-income countries where the necessary treatments and care is available.
A cancer biomarker refers to a substance or process that is indicative of the presence of cancer in the body. A biomarker may be a molecule secreted by a tumor or a specific response of the body to the presence of cancer.
Several viruses induce uncontrolled cell growth leading to the development of cancer. MVM faculty and their laboratories study several aspects of cancer virology including: Viral oncology. AIDS-related malignancies.
Nanotechnology offers many possible benefits to therapy, detection and diagnosis of cancer. These benefits are enabled by combining small size and unique properties of nanoparticles and nano-devices with biological discoveries and overcoming some of the challenges of contemporary medicine.
Immunotherapy Advances refer to significant progress and developments in the field of immunotherapy, which is a form of cancer treatment that harnesses the body's immune system to combat cancer cells. Immunotherapy has shown great promise in recent years and represents a cutting-edge approach to cancer treatment.
Before any drug can be prescribed to a patient, researchers make sure the drug is safe and that it effectively treats cancer. This process often takes many years and significant resources. The actual amount of time it takes to go from a researcher's idea to the drug's development and approval varies.
The microbiome, trillions of microorganisms that intermingle with each person's cells, influences human biology in ways we barely understand. Incorporating how it contributes to cancer development and prevention will lead to a more complete understanding of cancer.
Nanotechnology offers means to precisely administer therapies to cancerous cells and tissues. With these tools, clinicians can effectively deliver chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and the next generation of immuno- and gene therapies directly to the tumor in safer way.
Oncogenomics is a sub-field of genomics that characterizes cancer-associated genes. It focuses on genomic, epigenomic and transcript alterations in cancer. Cancer is a genetic disease caused by accumulation of DNA mutations and epigenetic alterations leading to unrestrained cell proliferation and neoplasm formation.
When a gene change that greatly increases cancer risk runs in a family, it is often referred to as a family cancer syndrome. Other terms that you might hear include inherited cancer syndrome or genetic cancer syndrome.
Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment. It uses substances made by the body or in a laboratory to boost the immune system and help the body find and destroy cancer cells. Immunotherapy can treat many different types of cancer. It can be used alone or in combination with chemotherapy and/or other cancer treatments.
Cancer prevention encompasses strategies and measures taken to reduce the risk of developing cancer. While it's not always possible to completely prevent cancer, several lifestyle changes and healthcare practices can significantly lower the risk. Here are key aspects of cancer prevention:
Healthy Lifestyle Choices:
Tobacco Avoidance: Smoking and using tobacco products are among the leading causes of cancer. Quitting smoking and avoiding secondhand smoke can greatly reduce cancer risk.
Moderate Alcohol Consumption: Excessive alcohol consumption is linked to several cancers. Limiting alcohol intake can lower the risk.
Balanced Diet: Eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can help reduce the risk of certain cancers. Limiting processed and red meat consumption is advisable.
Physical Activity: Regular physical activity is associated with a lower risk of cancer. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week.
Maintain a Healthy Weight: Being overweight or obese is a risk factor for various cancers. Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight is essential for cancer prevention.
Protecting the skin from harmful UV rays is crucial for preventing skin cancer. This includes wearing sunscreen, protective clothing, and avoiding excessive sun exposure, especially during peak hours.
Vaccines are available to prevent certain cancers. For example, the HPV vaccine can prevent many cases of cervical and other cancers, while the hepatitis B vaccine can reduce the risk of liver cancer.
Cancer immunology is a branch of immunology that focuses on the interactions between the immune system and cancer cells. It explores how the immune system recognizes, targets, and potentially eliminates cancer cells, as well as how tumors can evade immune responses. Here are key points about cancer immunology:
Immune System and Cancer: The immune system plays a critical role in surveillance and defense against cancer. It can identify and destroy abnormal cells, including cancer cells, through various mechanisms.
Immunosurveillance: This is the process by which the immune system constantly surveys the body for cells that may have become cancerous. Immune cells, such as T cells and natural killer cells, are involved in identifying and eliminating these cells.
Tumor Antigens: Tumor-specific antigens and tumor-associated antigens are molecules found on the surface of cancer cells that can trigger an immune response. Immune cells recognize these antigens as foreign or abnormal.
Immune Responses: When the immune system detects cancer cells, it can mount immune responses to eliminate them. These responses can include cytotoxic T cell activity, antibody production, and immune cell recruitment.
Breast cancer is a type of cancer that forms in the cells of the breast. It is one of the most common cancers in women, although it can also affect men. Here are some key points about breast cancer:
Types of Breast Cancer: There are several types of breast cancer, but the most common types are invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) and invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC). These cancers start in the milk ducts or milk-producing lobules of the breast and can then spread to other parts of the body.
Risk Factors: While the exact cause of breast cancer is often unknown, certain risk factors can increase a person's likelihood of developing the disease. These include age (risk increases with age), family history of breast cancer, inherited gene mutations (e.g., BRCA1 and BRCA2), hormonal factors (e.g., early menstruation, late menopause, hormone replacement therapy), and exposure to radiation.
Screening and Early Detection: Mammography is the primary screening tool for breast cancer. Regular mammograms can help detect breast cancer at an early stage when it is most treatable. Clinical breast exams and breast self-exams are also used for early detection.
Symptoms: Common symptoms of breast cancer include a lump in the breast or underarm, changes in breast size or shape, nipple discharge (other than breast milk), skin changes on the breast (e.g., redness, dimpling), and breast pain. However, some people with breast cancer may not experience any symptoms.
Staging: Breast cancer is staged to determine the extent of the disease. Staging helps guide treatment decisions.
Early detection and screening are critical components of cancer care and can significantly improve patient outcomes by identifying cancer at its earliest, most treatable stages.
Importance of Early Detection: Detecting cancer at an early stage often means that the tumor is smaller and has not spread to other parts of the body. This makes it more likely that treatment will be effective and less aggressive.
Screening Tests: Screening tests are medical tests or examinations used to identify cancer or precancerous conditions in individuals who do not have any symptoms. Common cancer screening tests include mammograms for breast cancer, Pap smears for cervical cancer, and colonoscopies for colorectal cancer.
Risk Assessment: Some individuals may be at higher risk for certain types of cancer due to factors such as family history, genetic mutations, or environmental exposures. In such cases, healthcare providers may recommend more frequent or specialized screening.
Screening Guidelines: Various organizations, such as the American Cancer Society (ACS) and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), provide guidelines on when and how often certain screening tests should be performed based on age, gender
Liquid biopsies, also known as liquid biopsy tests or liquid biopsy assays, are a relatively new and minimally invasive diagnostic approach in the field of cancer and other diseases. Rather than requiring a traditional tissue biopsy, which involves removing a sample of tissue from the body, liquid biopsies analyze various bodily fluids, such as blood, urine, or cerebrospinal fluid, to detect and monitor disease.