Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is a type of cancer that forms in the cells of the breast. It is one of the most common cancers in women, although it can also affect men. Here are some key points about breast cancer:

Types of Breast Cancer: There are several types of breast cancer, but the most common types are invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) and invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC). These cancers start in the milk ducts or milk-producing lobules of the breast and can then spread to other parts of the body.

Risk Factors: While the exact cause of breast cancer is often unknown, certain risk factors can increase a person's likelihood of developing the disease. These include age (risk increases with age), family history of breast cancer, inherited gene mutations (e.g., BRCA1 and BRCA2), hormonal factors (e.g., early menstruation, late menopause, hormone replacement therapy), and exposure to radiation.

Screening and Early Detection: Mammography is the primary screening tool for breast cancer. Regular mammograms can help detect breast cancer at an early stage when it is most treatable. Clinical breast exams and breast self-exams are also used for early detection.

Symptoms: Common symptoms of breast cancer include a lump in the breast or underarm, changes in breast size or shape, nipple discharge (other than breast milk), skin changes on the breast (e.g., redness, dimpling), and breast pain. However, some people with breast cancer may not experience any symptoms.

Staging: Breast cancer is staged to determine the extent of the disease. Staging helps guide treatment decisions.

 

 

 

 

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